Thursday, July 31, 2014

Brede Bredesen SANDER: Family Group Sheet


At the age of 26, Brede, and Karen, who was 27, got married on 6 Apr 1848 as the parish records attest.


Detail of Hedmark fylke, Grue, Ministerialbok nr. 8 (1847-1858), Ekteviede 1848, side 244. Image courtesy of Digitalarkivet.

However, the records also show that Brede and a woman named Anne Gudmundsdtr had a daughter named Gunne, (aka Jane; see below) who was born on 10 Nov 1847. For Brede's children, please refer to the family group sheet below.


Family group sheet. Brede Bredesen SANDER. Image courtesy of Williams Family Pages.

Wednesday, July 30, 2014

Coming to America

Brede and Karen SANDER, along with their children, Brede Jr. and Anton, and Brede's daughter, Gunne (Jane) left Norway for America in 1853. The Grue parish records indicate that they relocated on 8 Apr.


Detail of Hedmark fylke, Grue, Ministerialbok nr. 8 (1847-1858), Inn- og utflyttede 1853-1857, side 371. Image courtesy of Digitalarkivet.

Tuesday, July 29, 2014

1860 US Federal Census: Brede Bredesen Family

The 1860 Census shows the Brede SANDER family living in Madison Township in Winneshiek County, Iowa. Apparently they were using the patronymic name for a surname and the census taker was not a particularly great speller.


Detail of 1860 US Federal Census. Image courtesy of Ancestry.com.

400 / 378 / Brad Braderson [Brede Bredesen] / 39 / M / Farmer / Norway
Karine do [ditto] / 40 / F / Norway
Jane do / 13 / F / Norway
Brad do / 11 / M / Norway
Anton do / 9 / / M / Norway
Ann S. do / 7 / F / Iowa
Ellen M. do / 3 / F / Iowa
Gertrude E. Oleson / 15 / F / School Teacher / Norway





Source Citation: Year: 1860; Census Place: Madison, Winneshiek, Iowa; Roll: M653_345; Page: 845; Image: 293; Family History Library Film: 803345.
Source Information: Ancestry.com. 1860 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2009. Images reproduced by FamilySearch. 
Original data: 1860 U.S. census, population schedule. NARA microfilm publication M653, 1,438 rolls. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.

Monday, July 28, 2014

Gravestone: Karen B. (Huseby) SANDER

Brede SANDER's wife, Karen, died on 2 Aug 1868 at the young age of 47. She was buried in the Madison Lutheran Church East Cemetery aka the Vold Cemetery (and the Six Mile Grove Cemetery) in Madison township, Winneshiek County.


Plaque. East Madison (Vold) Cemetery, Madison, Winneshiek, IA. Image courtesy of Verla Williams.

Below is the oldest and ironically best picture of her gravestone. Unfortunately the date it was taken is unknown. Notice there is no fence in the background and what I will call the capstone is upside down if you compare with later pictures.

The inscription, which is a fairly common inscription found on Norwegian gravestones, reads, "Her under hviler støvet af Karen B. Sander," which means, "Here under rests the dust [i.e., earthly remains] of Karen B. Sander. Below the death date the remaining inscription reads as follows: "Fred med dit støv, velsignet være dit minde." This means in English, "Peace to your dust, blessed be your memory."


Gravestone. Karen B. (Huseby) SANDER (East Madison (Vold) Cemetery: Winneshiek, IA, 1868). Image courtesy of Vince Williams.

The remainder of the photos show the gravestone in different times and seasons. The first is an undated winter photo. The middle one is from Jul 1993 and the latest from Memorial Day in 2011. Notice the capstone has been repaired and the fence is now chain link.

   
Gravestone. Karen B. (Huseby) SANDER (East Madison (Vold) Cemetery: Winneshiek, IA, 1868). Images courtesy of Vince and Verla Williams (1993-2011).

Sunday, July 27, 2014

1870 US Federal Census: Brede Bredesen Family

Of interest in the 1870 Census is that the SANDER family is listed with the Ole Hermanson family.

Jane SANDER was married by 1870. Anton was actually 19 and obviously not female. I have not yet found a census record for Anna in 1870. However, since Anton was attending Luther and also appears in a separate 1870 entry, I suspect the census taker got the name wrong and "Anton" should have read "Anna," (who would have been 16 and female). Two new additions to the family included my great grandmother Henrietta and her younger brother Bernt. Apparently Brede was also employing two helpers, Erik Erickson and Karen Olson.


1870 US Census. Image courtesy of Ancestry.com.


Detail of 1870 US Census. Image courtesy of Ancestry.com.

Bredison, Brede / 41 / M / W / farmer / Norway
_____, Brede jr. / 21 / M / W / farm labor / Norway
_____, Anton / 16 / F [sic] / W / at home / Norway
_____, Elenor / 13 / F / W / at home / Iowa
_____, Henrietta / 9 / F / W / Iowa
_____, Bernt / 6 / M / W / Iowa
Erickson, Erik / 16 / M / W / farm labor / Norway
Olson, Karen / 40 / F / W / domestic servant / Norway




Source Citation: Year: 1870; Census Place: Madison, Winneshiek, Iowa; Roll: M593_426; Page: 236A; Image: 475; Family History Library Film: 545924.
Source Information: Ancestry.com. 1870 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2009. Images reproduced by FamilySearch.
Original data: 1870 U.S. census, population schedules. NARA microfilm publication M593, 1,761 rolls. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.

Saturday, July 26, 2014

The Glenwood Homestead and Flour Mills

In 1871 Brede and his family moved to Glenwood Township and began farming on a homestead in Section 21. He built a beautiful home that later passed to his daughter, Henrietta, and her husband Gustav Johnson.


Sander Homestead (Glenwood, Winneshiek, IA, date unknown). Image courtesy of Verla Williams.

Volume one of Edwin Bailey's history of Winneshiek County mentions that Brede SANDER had built a flour mill which later became a creamery.


Edwin C. Bailey, Past and Present of Winneshiek County, Vol. 1 (Chicago: S. J. Clarke, 1913), p. 255.
There have been two flour mills erected in Glenwood township. One was built in 1868, known as the stone mill on the Trout river, and had adequate water power for a number of years. Another was built in 1872 by B. B. Sander on the same stream further down, but after a few years the water gave out, so the machinery was sold as scrap iron and the building was converted into a creamery. The stone mill mentioned above was run for several years by steam, but finally was closed, as it did not pay expenses.

Friday, July 25, 2014

Winneshiek County and Glenwood Township (1875)


The 1875 Winneshiek County map below is from the David Rumsey Historical Map Collection and as one can see, even though it shows the sections of each township, it is not a plat map. Rumsey scanned this image from A. T. Andreas' illustrated historical atlas of the State of Iowa.


Winneshiek County, Iowa (1875). Image courtesy of David Rumsey Historical Map Collection.

What is interesting is if one examines the detail of Glenwood township below, one can see B. B. Sander's name at the bottom of Section 22.


Glenwood Township, Winneshiek, Iowa (1875). Image courtesy of David Rumsey Historical Map Collection.

Thursday, July 24, 2014

1880 US Federal Census: Brede B. SANDER Family



1880 US Census. Image courtesy of Ancestry.com.


Detail of 1880 US Census. Image courtesy of Ancestry.com.

100 / 101 / Sander, Brede B. / W / M / 58 / Farmer & Miller / Norway
_____, Brede B. jr. / W / M / 32 / Son / At home / Norway
_____, Anne / W / F / 24 / Daughter / Keeping House / Iowa
_____, Ellene / W / F / 22 / Daughter / At home / Iowa
Sander, Henrietta / W / F / 19 / Daughter / At home / Iowa
_____, Berndt / W / M / 16 / Son / At home / Iowa





Source Citation: Year: 1880; Census Place: Glenwood, Winneshiek, Iowa; Roll: 370; Family History Film: 1254370; Page: 136A; Enumeration District: 346; Image: 0461.
Source Information: Ancestry.com and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. 1880 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2010.
Original data: Tenth Census of the United States, 1880. (NARA microfilm publication T9, 1,454 rolls). Records of the Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29. National Archives, Washington, D.C.

Wednesday, July 23, 2014

Miner County, South Dakota Commissioner (1884)

Some time in the early 1880s, Brede SANDER went to Miner county, South Dakota. In 1884 he was elected Commissioner and is listed as such in Martin Ulvestad's Nordmændene i Amerika.


Brede B. SANDER.  Martin Ulvestad, Nordmændene i Amerika (Minneapolis, MN: 1907, 1913), pp. 412, 902. Images courtesy of Norway Heritage.

Friday, July 18, 2014

Obituary: Brede Bredesen SANDER (1822-1905)

Brede SANDER died on 9 Oct 1905 in Glenwood, Winneshiek, IA. His obituary appeared in the Norwegian language newspaper, The Decorah Posten, a copy of which is below.


Obituary. Brede Bredesen SANDER. Decorah Posten (13 Oct 1905), p.  8, col. 1.

The following translation of the text of the obituary was provided by Verla Williams:
A Pioneer Passes Away

Old Brede Sander died Monday night at the home of his son-in-law, Gustav Johnson in Glenwood Township after four, five weeks illness. The cause of death was old age infirmity. The deceased was born in Solør near Kongsvinger, the 12th of January, 1822, and he lived to be almost 84 years old. He was married in 1848 to Karen Huseby and came to America in 1851. He worked the first year on the railroad in Illinois and moved in 1852 from Illinois to Winneshiek County. He lived first on what now is Peter Bakke's farm in Decorah township moving to Madison township and settled in 1871 on the farm in Glenwood township where he died. Brede Sander was among those who called Dr. Koren as pastor and he heard Pastor Koren's first sermon in Iowa. He was the first who signed up by subscription to the Building Fund of Luther College, and he gave the largest sum - $300. He operated for a while a flour mill and then often brought gifts of flour to the household at Luther College. Sander had six children -- three boys and three girls. One of his sons, Dr Anton Sander was for a time a teacher at Luther College but he died young while a teacher in New York. The other five children live, the oldest son, Brede in Miner Co., So. Dak. where also old Sander resided for awhile. Mrs. Sander died in 1868. Blessed be the pioneer's memory.

Thursday, July 17, 2014

Gravestone: Brede Bredesen SANDER

Brede SANDER was buried in the Glenwood Lutheran Cemetery in rural Glenwood township. An undated early photograph shows the gravestone alone with very few graves nearby and a lot of tall grass. The inscription is the same as the one on his wife Karen's gravestone. It reads, "Fred med dit støv, velsignet være dit minde." This means in English, "Peace to your dust [i.e., earthly remains], blessed be your memory."


Gravestone. Brede B. SANDER (Glenwood, Winneshiek, IA: Glenwood Lutheran Cemetery, 1905). Image courtesy of Verla Williams (date unknown).

The next two photographs are also undated unfortunately. The first shows the considerable number of graves that have been added to the cemetery since the photograph above and also has some rather large flower bushes in front of the grave. The second has been cropped to highlight the gravestone itself.


Gravestone. Brede B. SANDER (Glenwood, Winneshiek, IA: Glenwood Lutheran Cemetery, 1905). Images courtesy of Verla Williams (date unknown).

Below are photographs of the gravestone from the years 1993-2011:


Gravestone. Brede B. SANDER (Glenwood, Winneshiek, IA: Glenwood Lutheran Cemetery, 1905). Image courtesy of Vincent D. Williams (Sep 1993).


Gravestone. Brede B. SANDER (Glenwood, Winneshiek, IA: Glenwood Lutheran Cemetery, 1905). Image courtesy of Verla Williams (25 May 2008).


Gravestone. Brede B. SANDER (Glenwood, Winneshiek, IA: Glenwood Lutheran Cemetery, 1905). Image courtesy of Verla Williams (29 May 2011).

The gravestone immediately to the left of Brede's stone belongs to his granddaughter, Mabel A. Johnson, who died at the tender age of 10 in 1899. It is curious that one is not able to see this stone in the top picture above. To the left of Mabel's stone is that of Vivian R. (Ask) Johnson, who was the wife of Brede's grandson, Arthur Johnson. Vivian passed away in 1935. Behind and to the right of Brede's stone is the Helmer Williams family gravestone. Helmer was a brother of Sigvart Williams and died in 1930.

Wednesday, July 16, 2014

Brede Bredesen SANDER's Children


Brede Bredesen SANDER's daughters (Decorah, IA: Borlaug, Probably before 1881). Courtesy of Verla Williams. Digitally restored by Mark D. Williams. Clockwise from top: Anna, Henrietta, Ellen, Jane.


Brede Bredesen SANDER's sons (Howard, SD: Lubeck, Probably before 1881). Courtesy of Verla Williams. Digitally restored by Mark D. Williams. From left: Anton, Bernt, Brede Jr.


Children of Brede Bredesen SANDER (Probably before 1881). B/W copies courtesy of Verla Williams. Digitally restored by Mark D. Williams. From left: Jane, Anna, Ellen, Henrietta, Anton, Bernt, Brede Jr.

Tuesday, July 15, 2014

Gunne "Jane" Bredesdtr (SANDER) Hanson


Portrait. Jane (SANDER) Hanson (Decorah, IA: Solberg, Bef. 1930). Image courtesy of Verla Williams. Digitally restored by Mark D. Williams.

Jane SANDER was born 10 Nov 1847 in Grue, Hedmark, NOR and was baptized on 23 Jan 1848. The Grue parish records list her as Gunne Bredesdtr.


Detail of Hedmark fylke, Grue, Ministerialbok nr. 8 (1847-1858), Fødte og døpte 1848, side 13. Image courtesy of Digitalarkivet.

Jane's mother was Anne Gudmundsdtr. We know that Anne was born on 5 Aug 1821, the daughter of Gudmund Hansen and Anne Arnesdtr and that Anne and Brede were not married. Brede would marry Karen Huseby on 6 Apr 1848, only a few short months after Jane was born.

The SANDER family tradition was that Jane left her mother to go with Brede, Karen, and her half-brothers Brede Jr. and Anton, in order to have a chance at a better life in America.

Monday, July 14, 2014

Jane (SANDER) Hanson: Family Group Sheet

Jane SANDER married Charles M. Hanson (1845-1921) on 22 Dec 1867 and together they had six children that lived into adulthood: Bernt "Ben" Martinus, Clara Matilda, Mina "Minnie" Amelia, Carl Oscar, Annetta "Nettie" Gustava and Hannah Maria.


Family Group Sheet. Jane (SANDER) Hanson (1847-1930). Image courtesy of Williams Family Pages.

We know a little bit about Charles Hanson from his biography in Past and Present of Winneshiek County, Iowa by Edwin C. Bailey.



"Charles M. Hanson." Edwin C. Bailey, Past and Present of Winneshiek County Iowa, Vol. 2 (Chicago: S. J. Clarke, 1913), pp. 553-554. Images courtesy of Spelhaug.org.

Sunday, July 13, 2014

1870 US Federal Census: Charles Hanson Family


Detail of 1870 US Census. Image courtesy of Ancestry.com.

117 / 115 / Hanson, Carelius [Charles] / 25 / M / W / farm laborer / Norway
_____, Jane / 22 / F / W / keeping house / Norway
_____, B. M. / 2 / M / W / Iowa
_____, Clara M. / 1/12 / F / W / Iowa
_____, Martin / 56 / M / W / farm laborer / Norway




Source Citation: Year: 1870; Census Place: Madison, Winneshiek, Iowa; Roll: M593_426; Page: 238A; Image: 479; Family History Library Film: 545924.
Source Information: Ancestry.com. 1870 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2009. Images reproduced by FamilySearch.
Original data: 1870 U.S. census, population schedules. NARA microfilm publication M593, 1,761 rolls. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.

Saturday, July 12, 2014

Gravestone: Klara Mathilde Hansen

Charles and Jane Hanson's first daughter, Klara Mathilde, was born on 29 May 1870 and died very young on 5 Mar 1873. She was buried in the Hanson family plot in the East Madison (Vold) Cemetery.


Gravestone. Klara M. Hanson (Madison, Winneshiek, IA: East Madison (Vold) Cemetery). Image courtesy of Verla Williams.

Following Norwegian tradition, when Jane gave birth to a baby girl on 28 Aug that year, they named her after her older sister.

UPDATE (6 Mar 2015): The Winneshiek County, IA, GenWeb site has a photo of an older individual gravestone for Klara.


Gravestone. Klara Mathilde Hansen (29 May 1870-5 Mar 1873). Image courtesy of Winneshiek County, IA, Genweb site (2008).

Friday, July 11, 2014

1880 US Federal Census: Charles Hanson Family


Detail of 1880 US Census. Image courtesy of Ancestry.com.

28 / 31/ Hanson, Charles / W / M / 35 / Farmer / Norway
_____, Jane / W / F / 32 / Wife / Keeping house / Norway
_____, Bernt M. / W / M / 12 / Son / At School / Iowa
_____, Clara M. / W / F / 6 / Daughter / At School / Iowa
_____, Minnie A. / W / F / 4 / Daughter / Iowa
_____, Carl Oscar / W / M / 2 / Son / Iowa
Hanson, Martin / W / M / 66 / Father / Laborer / Norway



Source Citation: Year: 1880; Census Place: Madison, Winneshiek, Iowa; Roll: 370; Family History Film: 1254370; Page: 182D; Enumeration District: 351; Image: 0554.
Source Information: Ancestry.com and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. 1880 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2010. 1880 U.S. Census Index provided by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints © Copyright 1999 Intellectual Reserve, Inc. All rights reserved.
Original data: Tenth Census of the United States, 1880. (NARA microfilm publication T9, 1,454 rolls). Records of the Bureau of the Census, Record Group 29. National Archives, Washington, D.C.


Hanson Family Children


Hanson family children (c. 1882). Image courtesy of Verla Williams. From left: Clara, Nettie, Oscar, Ben, and Minnie.

Charles Hanson Family (c. 1885)

This picture of the Charles Hanson family dates to around 1885. This can be determined since Charles and Jane's youngest daughter, Hannah, who was born in 1887, is not in the picture and Nettie (far left) who was born in 1881, appears to be about 3 or 4 years old.


Charles Hanson family (Decorah, IA: J. T. Relf, c. 1885). Image courtesy of Verla Williams. From left: Nettie, Oscar, Jane, Clara, Charles, Minnie, and Ben.

Additional confirmation that the image is from the early 1880s comes from a Family Tree Magazine article: "According to the Biographies of Western Photographers: A Reference Guide to Photographers Working in the 19th Century American West (Carl Mautz), J. T. Relf operated a photo studio on Water Street in Decorah, Iowa, in 1880."

In 1885, the state of Iowa took a census. As expected Charles Hanson's family listed above, as well as his elderly father, Martin, are all still sharing a household in Madison township, Winneshiek county.


Detail of 1885 Iowa Census. Image courtesy of Ancestry.com.

69 / 69 / Hanson, Charles / 39 / M / M / Farmer
_____, Jane / 37 / F / M / Keeping house
_____, Bernt M. / 17 / M / S
_____, Clara M. / 11 / F / S
_____, Minnie A. / 9 / F / S
_____, Oscar C. / 7 / M / S
_____, Annettie G. / 3 / F / S


Source Information: Ancestry.com. Iowa, State Census Collection, 1836-1925 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2007. 
Original data: Microfilm of Iowa State Censuses, 1856, 1885, 1895, 1905, 1915, 1925 as well various special censuses from 1836-1897 obtained from the State Historical Society of Iowa via Heritage Quest.

Thursday, July 10, 2014

1895 IA Census: Charles Hanson Family

In the following 10 years, several changes occurred in the Hanson household that are reflected in the 1895 Iowa Census. Another daughter, Hannah Maria, was born on 18 August 1887. A few years later, Charles and Jane's oldest daughters married. On 22 December 1891 Clara married Ole P. Hovey and on 19 Mar 1894 Minnie married Peter T. Hovey. The Hoveys' exact relationship to each other, if any, is not currently known. That same year on 26 December 1894, Charles' father Martin passed away and was buried in the Hanson plot in the East Madison (Vold) Cemetery.


Detail of 1895 IA Census. Image courtesy of Ancestry.com.

69 / 69 / Hanson, Chas M. / 50 / M / M / Norway / Farming
_____, Jane / 47 / F / M / Norway
70 / 70 / _____, Ben M. / 27 / M / S / Iowa
_____, Oscar C. / 17 / M / S / Iowa
_____, Nettie / 13 / F / S / Iowa
_____, Hannah / 7 / F / S / Iowa


Source Information: Ancestry.com. Iowa, State Census Collection, 1836-1925 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2007. 
Original data: Microfilm of Iowa State Censuses, 1856, 1885, 1895, 1905, 1915, 1925 as well various special censuses from 1836-1897 obtained from the State Historical Society of Iowa via Heritage Quest.

Also at about this time or possibly a few years later, the portrait below of the Hanson children was taken. Unfortunately it is not dated.


Hanson Children (c. 1895). Image courtesy of Verla Williams. From left: Oscar, Clara, Hannah, Nettie, Minnie, and Ben.

Wednesday, July 9, 2014

Clara and Minnie Hanson

This portrait of Clara and Minnie Hanson is also undated, but it appears to have been taken possibly a few years after the Hanson children portrait above.


Clara and Minnie Hanson (Decorah, IA: Star Gallery, date unknown), daughters of Charles and Jane (SANDER) Hanson. Image courtesy of Verla Williams.

The following information about the Star Gallery was found at the State Historical Society of Iowa website, IowaHistory.org:
REYNOLDS, BARTLEY J. (1853–1927). Reynolds had a studio in Decorah, Winneshiek County, from about 1892 until 1917. His gallery, called the Star Gallery, was located at 113 W. Water Street (Ben Bear Block). Reynolds' pictures of famous Decorah land sites such as Dug Way, appear in the book Picturesque Decorah which was published by the Decorah Public Opinion newspaper in 1899. He was buried at Phelps Cemetery.